Zithromax (Azithromycin) is prescribed for adults to treat certain mild to moderate skin infections; upper and lower respiratory tract infections, including pharyngitis (strep throat), tonsillitis, sinus infections, worsening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pneumonia; sexually transmitted infections of the cervix or urinary tract; and genital ulcer disease in men.
In children, this drug is used to treat middle ear infection, pneumonia, tonsillitis, and strep throat. It also prevents bacteria from growing by interfering with their protein synthesis.
Mechanism of action:
This medicine contains the active ingredient azithromycin, which is a type of medicine known as a macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
This drug works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them. Without these proteins the bacteria cannot grow, replicate and increase in numbers. Azithromycin therefore stops the spread of infection and remaining bacteria are killed by the body’s immune system or eventually die.
It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against a wide variety of bacteria that cause a wide variety of infections. This product may be used to treat infections of the upper or lower airways, skin or soft tissue, or ears. It may also be used to treat the sexually-transmitted infection chlamydia.
Zithromax is not recommended to take with aluminum- or magnesium- based antacids, such as Mylanta or Maalox as they decrease its absorption in the intestine.
- Disturbances of the gut such as diarrhoea, constipation, nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain
- Abnormal heart beats (arrhythmias)
- Indigestion (dyspepsia)
- Abnormal reaction of the skin to light, usually a rash (photosensitivity)
- Seizures (convulsions)
- Pins and needles (paraesthesia)
- Hearing distubances
- Pain in the joints (arthralgia)
- Sleepiness (somnolence)
- Weakness or loss of strength (asthenia)
- Dizziness or loss of balance
- Yeast infection of the moist areas of the body, especially the vagina (candidiasis)
- Anxiety and agitation
- Allergic skin reactions
- Liver disorders
Store between 41-86 degrees F (5-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture.
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