Fungal skin infection is produced by fungi. They could be yeast fungus (Candida) that cause candidiasis and mold-like fungi (dermatophytes) that cause ringworm or tinea.
Here are some common types of fungal infections:
- Tinea is a type of fungal infection of the hair, skin, or nails. When it’s on the skin, tinea usually begins as a small red area the size of a pea. As it grows, it spreads out in a circle or ring. Tinea is often called ringworm because it may look like tiny worms are under the skin (but of course, they’re not!).Because the fungi that cause tinea (ringworm) live on different parts of the body, they are named for the part of the body they infect. Scalp ringworm is found on the head, and body ringworm affects any other skin areas.
- Athlete’s foot is another type of fungal infection that usually appears between the toes but can also affect toenails and the bottom or sides of the feet.
- Jock itch is a fungal infection of the groin and upper thighs. You might think only men and boys get it, but girls and women can get it, too.
- Candida is yeast, similar to a fungus. It most often affects the skin around the nails or the soft, moist areas around body openings. Diaper rash in babies can be from one type of candidal infection, as can thrush (white patches often found in the mouths of babies.) Older girls and women may develop another form of candidal infection in and around the vagina. This is called a yeast infection.
Clinical symptoms of fungal skin infection:
The local cutaneous mycoses cause redness, itching and burning in the affected area and sometimes cracking of the skin. The appearance of the skin is characteristic and will guide the doctor or dermatologist.